Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan is beautiful. The Flame Towers are a marvel of modern architecture where millennials wander the streets dressed in the latest high-end fashion. While there are several tourist attractions around the city, Baku is home to some of the best museums in Azerbaijan.
National Museum of History
The National Museum in Baku houses over 300,000 artefacts. Operational since 1920 in the mansion of the oil industrialist and philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev, the museum is dedicated to the history of Azerbaijan, including the Russo-Japanese War, Russian Civil War, and the two World Wars.
Azerbaijan Carpet Museum
Carpet weaving has influenced the local identity of Azerbaijan for more than 3000 years. The museum celebrates this rich tradition. Opened in 1967 as the first specialised museum for carpets in the world, it was shifted to a modern building shaped in the form of a rolled-up carpet, on the edge of the Caspian Sea from a mosque back in 2015.
National Museum of Art
This Museum represents the art of Azerbaijan, West Europe, Russia and the East. First established in 1936, the collection houses more than 17,000 art objects with some objects dating back to the 4th millennium BC.
Baku Museum of Modern Art
Opened in 2009, this modern art museum displays over 800 paintings and sculptures by Azerbaijani artists from the 1960s and 1970s. Designed by Altay Sadykhzadeh, the art exhibits include pieces from Picasso and Dali donated by private collectors and houses a section dedicated to local photographers.
Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum Complex
Tourists will find three different types of museums here: Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, the Castle Museum, and the Museum of Antiques. Covering an area of 1.5 hectares, there are several attractions here, including rock paintings, household items, antique jewellery, weapons and ancient coins. There are also over 2,000 different ancient structures including mounds and burial places that you can see.
Miniature Book Museum
This one of a kind Miniature Book Museum is dedicated to miniature-sized books, including the works of Dostoyevsky, Pushkin, Chukovsky and Gogol. Opened in 2002 by Zarifa Saahova, you can find books written in numerous languages, including Russian, Azeri, German and English. The oldest book found here is a copy of the Quran, dating to the 17th century.